Category: OS


install SMIME Certificates

By Zilli,

obtain free SMIME Certificates

Free certificates usable for S/MIME are available from:

Some of them are free only for personal use. It can also cost money to revoke a free certificate.

Let’s Encrypt does not currently offer S/MIME certificates. See https://community.letsencrypt.org/t/s-mime-certificates/153 for a thread explaining why you can’t use their SSL/TLS certificates for S/MIME.[edit]

To obtain certificate from an authority

Safari, Firefox and Microsoft Internet Explorer contain cryptotools capable of generating public/private keypairs. When signing up for a certificate with an authority, their website triggers your browser to create a keypair and transmit to them the public key, which is then certified. For this reason, when you return to pick up your completed certificate (typically a few minutes later), it is mandatory that you do so with the same browser on the same computer . You will otherwise not possess the private key necessary for pickup.

Be thoughtful about whether to select to “digitally sign all messages by default”. Institutional firewalls may protect their own security protocols and break your cryptographic signature, leaving your recipient with all kinds of warnings about the message being invalidly signed. As S/MIME usage is still not widespread, most people still don’t know how to interpret this. A broken signature will probably seem worse to them than receiving a message with no crypto signature at all, even though the contents are identical in both cases.

Webmail users will see an unreadable attachment which can raise similar questions.

  Category: OS
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Centos 7.1 – error repository

By Zilli,

Uncomment baseurl in this file: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/

In this block:

name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os&infra=$infra
#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7

By uncomment, I mean change this:

#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/, to this: 
baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/ (remove the #).

  Category: OS
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Upgrade to macOS High Sierra

By Zilli,

Upgrading from previous versions of OS X

Upgrading from OS X Snow Leopard or Lion
If you’re running Snow Leopard (10.6.8) or Lion (10.7) and your Mac supports macOS High Sierra, you will need to upgrade to El Capitan first. Click here for instructions: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT206886


Upgrading from OS X Leopard

If you’re running Leopard and would like to upgrade to macOS High Sierra, first you’ll need to upgrade to OS X Snow Leopard. You can purchase OS X Snow Leopard from the Apple Online Store.

  Category: OS
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How To Reset Mac OS X User Password In Recovery Mode

By Zilli,

Enter OS X Recovery Mode

To boot into OS X Recovery, the first thing you need to do is to restart your Mac. While restarting, hold down CMD + R until the Apple logo appears. If you time it right, you will enter the recovery mode.

What you need to do next is to go to Utilities > Terminal to open a Terminal. In Terminal, type resetpassword and press Enter.

You will now be presented with the Reset Password window. Next, select your OS X drive. From the drop-down under “Select the user account:”, choose the user account that you want to reset password for.

Type in your new password, re-enter it and try not to forget it this time. You can also choose to write down a hint in the “Enter a new password hint for this user (optional)”, just in case.

Once you’re done, click on Save. You will be prompted with this message saying that your user account password was reset but your keychain is not. Just click OK and close all windows.

Now click the Apple icon at the very top left and choose Restart. You can now enter your account with your new password.

  Category: OS
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